Know The Migraine Headache
What is Migraine Headache?
Many are unable to differentiate migraine from other headaches. A typical migraine headache is usually felt on one side of the head and patients describe it as throbbing or pulsating kind of pain. These headaches are ‘episodic headaches’ means they can occur any.
Migraine is a chronic disorder characterized by headache; and nausea, vomiting or sensitivity to light and sound.
where from once or twice a year to 1-4 times a month but in between, there are prolonged pain free intervals.
Migraine is three times more common in women than men. It generally appears for the first time between 10-45 years of age.
Previously the doctors linked migraines with the opening and narrowing of blood vessels in the head. However, now they believe that it is related to genes that control the activity of some brain cells. The exact chain of events still remains unclear. Migraine attacks are believed to begin in the brain, and involve nerve pathways and chemicals. This abnormal brain activity triggers a migraine.
Avoiding the triggering factors and using preventive migraine drugs can help reduce the frequency of attacks. Treatment with analgesics (to relieve the pain) and anti-emetics (to relieve the nausea or vomiting) can help relieve symptoms during a migraine attack. Treatments to relieve stress can also be helpful to prevent migraine.
Do’s and Donts in Migraine??
Do’s :
1. If you suffer from any kind of headache more frequently contact your doctor as soon possible and avoid self medication. If headache is very sever contact doctor immediately.
2. A regular schedule for sleep is necessary, so always try to sleep at fix time.
3. Regular exercise like swimming, walking and relaxation techniques like Yoga, Massage can be helpful.
4. Keep a migraine record diary in which you can write down when it started, what you experienced first, what you eat that day etc. As some of the food substance also induce migraine which you can have detail from your doctor.
Dont’s :
1. Dont take painkillers without doctor’s consent for very long time as they cause some serious side effects.
2. Dont take alcoholic beverages as alcohol triggers the migraine.
3. Dont overstress your work or home life styles as fatigue induces migraine.
4. Dont stop medication in between even you feel that you are getting better, consult your doctor for how long you need to continue, as migraine takes time to be cured.
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